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Ann Hematol. 2009 Nov;88(11):1069-77. doi: 10.1007/s00277-009-0720-z. Epub 2009 Mar 10.

Additional chromosomal abnormalities and their prognostic significance in adult Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia: with or without imatinib in chemotherapy.

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1
State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Disease Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 288 Nanjing Road, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The study analyzed the characteristics and prognostic significance of additional chromosomal abnormalities in 110 Chinese adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph-positive) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Secondary aberrations were present in 60.9% of the cases. All chromosomes were involved in secondary aberrations, and chromosomes 9, 7, 21, 18, and 14 were most frequently abnormal. Fifty of 110 patients (45.5%) had at least one normal metaphase cell in their chromosome preparations at diagnosis. Patients with additional aberrations had shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in chemotherapy combined with imatinib (ICT) group and only shorter DFS in conventional chemotherapy (CT) group. The existence of normal metaphase cells was associated with a superior survival in CT group, but not in ICT group. Patients with loss of chromosomes 7, 7p, 9, and 9p had inferior outcome compared to patients with other secondary aberrations and those without secondary aberrations, in both CT and ICT group.

PMID:
19277658
DOI:
10.1007/s00277-009-0720-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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