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J Gene Med. 2009 May;11(5):373-81. doi: 10.1002/jgm.1313.

Retroviral vector-producing mesenchymal stem cells for targeted suicide cancer gene therapy.

Author information

1
Division of Genetic Therapeutics, Center for Molecular Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising vehicle for targeted cancer gene therapy because of their potential of tumor tropism. For efficient therapeutic application, we developed retroviral vector-producing MSCs that enhance tumor transduction via progeny vector production.

METHODS:

Rat bone marrow-derived MSCs were nucleofected with the proviral plasmids (vesicular stomatitis virus-G protein-pseudotyped retroviral vector components) (VP-MSCs) or pLTR plasmid alone (non-VP-MSCs). The luciferase-based in vivo imaging system was used to assess gene expression periodically. To evaluate the anticancer effects, we administered MSCs expressing herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) into the left ventricular cavity of nude mice engrafted with 9L glioma cells subcutaneously.

RESULTS:

In vivo imaging revealed that administration of luciferase-expressing non-VP-MSCs enhanced the bioluminescence signal at the inoculation sites of 9L cells, whereas no accumulation was observed in mice at the site of the control Rat-1 fibroblasts. Compared to non-VP-MSCs, the administration of VP-MSCs resulted in significant augmentation of the signal with an increase in transgene copy number. Immunohistochemical analysis showed marked luciferase expression at the tumor periphery in mice injected with VP-MSCs, whereas little expression was detected in those injected with non-VP-MSCs. Under the continuous infusion of ganciclovir, systemic administration of VP-MSCs expressing HSV-tk suppressed tumor growth more effectively than non-VP-MSC administration, whereas no anticancer effect was observed without ganciclovir treatment. Furthermore, VP-MSC administration caused no transgene transduction in the normal tissues and organs.

CONCLUSIONS:

VP-MSCs accumulated at the site of tumors after intravascular injection in tumor-bearing mice, followed by in situ gene transfer to tumors without transduction of normal organs. When applied to the HSV-tk/ganciclovir suicide gene therapy, more efficient tumor growth suppression was observed using VP-MSCs compared to non-VP-MSCs. This VP-MSC-based system has great potential for improved cancer gene therapy.

PMID:
19274675
DOI:
10.1002/jgm.1313
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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