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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2010 Apr;57(4):806-12. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2008.2002103. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

Automatic generation of a subject-specific model for accurate markerless motion capture and biomechanical applications.

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1
Biomotion Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. stefanoc@ccrma.stanford.edu

Abstract

A novel approach for the automatic generation of a subject-specific model consisting of morphological and joint location information is described. The aim is to address the need for efficient and accurate model generation for markerless motion capture (MMC) and biomechanical studies. The algorithm applied and expanded on previous work on human shapes space by embedding location information for ten joint centers in a subject-specific free-form surface. The optimal locations of joint centers in the 3-D mesh were learned through linear regression over a set of nine subjects whose joint centers were known. The model was shown to be sufficiently accurate for both kinematic (joint centers) and morphological (shape of the body) information to allow accurate tracking with MMC systems. The automatic model generation algorithm was applied to 3-D meshes of different quality and resolution such as laser scans and visual hulls. The complete method was tested using nine subjects of different gender, body mass index (BMI), age, and ethnicity. Experimental training error and cross-validation errors were 19 and 25 mm, respectively, on average over the joints of the ten subjects analyzed in the study.

PMID:
19272951
DOI:
10.1109/TBME.2008.2002103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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