Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pathophysiology. 2009 Aug;16(2-3):179-89. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.010. Epub 2009 Mar 9.

Reproductive and developmental effects of EMF in vertebrate animal models.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Anatomy Histology & Embryology, Veterinary School, University of Thessaly Karditsa, Greece.


This paper reviews the literature data on the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF), in the reproductive organs as well as in prenatal and postnatal development of vertebrate animals. Review articles which have been published till 2001, regarding the reproductive and developmental effects of the entire range of frequency of electromagnetic fields, were surveyed. Experimental studies which were published from 2001 onwards were summarized. Special focus on the effects of radiofrequencies related to mobile communication in the above mentioned topics has been made. According to the majority of the investigations, no strong effects resulted regarding the exposure to EMF of mobile telephony in the animal reproduction and development. However further research should be done in order to clarify many unknown aspects of the impact of EMF in the living organisms.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center