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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009 Apr;6(3):297-304. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2008.0164.

Detection of CTX-M-15, CTX-M-22, and SHV-2 extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in Escherichia coli fecal-sample isolates from pig farms in China.

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Bioengineering Research Center for Animal Disease Prevention and Control, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P.R. China.


The aim of the present study was to investigate the antibiotic resistance profiles and the molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates from two production swine operations in Sichuan Province, China, between August 2002 and February 2007. The prevalence of ESBL-producing E. coli increased dramatically from 2.2% to 10.7% during this period. This increase appeared mostly related to dissemination of CTX-M-type ESBLs among E. coli isolates. Of 212 E. coli isolates studied, 14 harbored ESBL genes. Among them, 13 harbored bla(CTX-M-15/22) and one harbored bla(SHV-2). To our knowledge, this is the first study to identify bla(CTX-M-22) from production animals. One isolate in 2002 harbored bla(SHV-2), indicating that ESBL genes have been present in farm animals in China since at least 2002. Molecular characterization and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of the ESBL-producing isolates suggested that different mechanisms may be involved in the dissemination of the CTX-M genes and revealed that additional resistance determinants for non-beta-lactam antibiotics were carried by plasmids encoding certain ESBL genes. Results of this study provide an example of how ESBL genes, particularly those of CTX-M lineages, are rapidly spreading among E. coli isolates from commercial pig farms in Sichuan province of China.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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