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Nano Lett. 2009 Apr;9(4):1511-6. doi: 10.1021/nl803565q.

Single-crystal, Si nanotubes, and their mechanical resonant properties.

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Information and Quantum Systems Laboratory, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA.


Single-crystalline Si nanotubes (NTs) were fabricated using vapor-liquid-solid grown, Ge nanowires (NWs) as a template upon which a Si shell was deposited to first grow Ge-core, Si-shell NWs. The tips of these NWs were removed, enabling exposure of the Ge core to H(2)SO(4) and H(2)O(2). After removing the Ge core, single-crystalline Si NTs remained. In addition to growing these Ge-core, Si-shell NWs from a Si (111) substrate, these NWs were also grown horizontally from a vertical Si surface to enable the fabrication of horizontal NTs after focused ion-beam cutting and etching steps. The resonant properties of the Ge-core, Si-shell NW, and the Si NT after the cutting and etching steps were measured and found to have a quality factor, Q, of approximately 1800.

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