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J Invertebr Pathol. 2009 Apr;101(1):1-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2009.02.009. Epub 2009 Mar 6.

Insecticidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis crystal proteins.

Author information

1
Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, 1219 Queen Street East, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada P6A 2E5. kvanfran@nrcan.gc.ca

Abstract

Published data on insecticidal activity of crystal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis are incorporated into the Bt toxin specificity relational database. To date, 125 of the 174 holotype known toxins have been tested in approximately 1700 bioassays against 163 test species; 49 toxins have not been tested at all; 59 were tested against 71 Lepidoptera species in 1182 bioassays; 53 toxins were tested against 23 Diptera species in 233 bioassays; and 47 were tested against 39 Coleoptera species in 190 bioassays. Activity spectra of the tested toxins were summarized for each order. Comparisons of LC(50) values are confounded by high variability of the estimates, mostly due to within-species variation in susceptibility, and errors associated with estimation of toxin protein content. Limited analyses suggest that crystal protein toxicity is not affected by quarternary toxin rank or host used for gene expression, but that pre-ingestion treatment by solubilization or enzymatic processing has a large effect. There is an increasing number of toxin families with cross-order activity, as 15 of the 87 families (secondary rank) that are pesticidal are active against more than one order. Cross-order activity does not threaten environmental safety of B. thuringiensis-based pest control because toxins tend to be much less toxic to taxa outside the family's primary specificity range.

PMID:
19269294
DOI:
10.1016/j.jip.2009.02.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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