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Virology. 1991 Nov;185(1):505-8.

Dengue virus premembrane and membrane proteins elicit a protective immune response.

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Molecular Viral Biology Section, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We have constructed recombinant vaccinia viruses that express the premembrane (pre-M), membrane (M), or the cleaved, residual portion of pre-M (non-M) proteins of dengue 4 virus, or the pre-M, non-M, or envelope (E) proteins of dengue 2 virus, to evaluate their ability to induce protective immunity in mice. Cells infected with these recombinants make proteins of expected size. Mice immunized with recombinants expressing dengue 4 pre-M or M were protected against subsequent dengue 4 encephalitis challenge, but non-M was not protective. However, a recombinant that expressed both pre-M and E as a polyprotein gave solid protection, while the simultaneous administration of the two recombinants expressing pre-M and E gave a significant level of protection. Pre-M and M function as antigens eliciting a protective immune response, and the combination of pre-M plus E is more protective than E alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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