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Nat Nanotechnol. 2009 Mar;4(3):158-61. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.406. Epub 2009 Jan 18.

Large voltage-induced magnetic anisotropy change in a few atomic layers of iron.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Japan.

Abstract

In the field of spintronics, researchers have manipulated magnetization using spin-polarized currents. Another option is to use a voltage-induced symmetry change in a ferromagnetic material to cause changes in magnetization or in magnetic anisotropy. However, a significant improvement in efficiency is needed before this approach can be used in memory devices with ultralow power consumption. Here, we show that a relatively small electric field (less than 100 mV nm(-1)) can cause a large change (approximately 40%) in the magnetic anisotropy of a bcc Fe(001)/MgO(001) junction. The effect is tentatively attributed to the change in the relative occupation of 3d orbitals of Fe atoms adjacent to the MgO barrier. Simulations confirm that voltage-controlled magnetization switching in magnetic tunnel junctions is possible using the anisotropy change demonstrated here, which could be of use in the development of low-power logic devices and non-volatile memory cells.

PMID:
19265844
DOI:
10.1038/nnano.2008.406

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