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Science. 2009 Mar 6;323(5919):1313-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1167852.

Functional proteomics identify cornichon proteins as auxiliary subunits of AMPA receptors.

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1
Institute of Physiology II, University of Freiburg, Engesserstrasse 4, 79108 Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

Glutamate receptors of the AMPA-subtype (AMPARs), together with the transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs), mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian brain. Here, we show by proteomic analysis that the majority of AMPARs in the rat brain are coassembled with two members of the cornichon family of transmembrane proteins, rather than with the TARPs. Coassembly with cornichon homologs 2 and 3 affects AMPARs in two ways: Cornichons increase surface expression of AMPARs, and they alter channel gating by markedly slowing deactivation and desensitization kinetics. These results demonstrate that cornichons are intrinsic auxiliary subunits of native AMPARs and provide previously unknown molecular determinants for glutamatergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system.

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PMID:
19265014
DOI:
10.1126/science.1167852
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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