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Science. 2009 Mar 6;323(5919):1304-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1165706.

The challenge of finding a cure for HIV infection.

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San Diego VA Healthcare System and University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0679, USA.


Although combination therapy for HIV infection represents a triumph for modern medicine, chronic suppressive therapy is required to contain persistent infection in reservoirs such as latently infected CD4+ lymphocytes and cells of the macrophage-monocyte lineage. Despite its success, chronic suppressive therapy is limited by its cost, the requirement of lifelong adherence, and the unknown effects of long-term treatment. This review discusses our current understanding of suppressive antiretroviral therapy, the latent viral reservoir, and the needs for and challenges of attacking this reservoir to achieve a cure.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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