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Osteoporos Int. 2009 Nov;20(11):1823-35. doi: 10.1007/s00198-009-0882-5. Epub 2009 Mar 5.

Effects of PTH treatment on tibial bone of ovariectomized rats assessed by in vivo micro-CT.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. j.e.m.brouwers@tue.nl

Abstract

Using in vivo microcomputed tomography (micro-CT), we found in parathyroid hormone (PTH)-treated osteopenic rats linear increases in cortical and trabecular, due to increased trabecular thickness and number, bone mass. Bone was formed in cavities, leading to restoral of nearly cleaved trabeculae. For the first time, effects in PTH-treated rats were analyzed longitudinally.

INTRODUCTION:

Our aims were to over time (1) determine changes in trabecular thickness and number after PTH, (2) compare responses to PTH between the meta- and epiphysis, (3) determine effects of PTH on mineralization and mechanical properties, (4) determine locations of new bone formation due to PTH on a microlevel, and (5) determine the predictive value of bone structural properties for gain in bone mass after PTH.

METHODS:

Adult rats were divided into ovariectomy (OVX; n = 8), SHAM-OVX (n = 8), and OVX and PTH treatment (n = 9). Between weeks 8 and 14, PTH rats received daily subcutaneous PTH injections (60 microg/kg/day). At weeks 0, 8, 10, 12, and 14, in vivo micro-CT scans were made of the proximal and diaphyseal tibia. After sacrifice, all tibiae were tested in three-point bending.

RESULTS:

PTH increased bone volume fraction linearly over time in meta- and epiphysis, accompanied by increased trabecular thickness in both and increased trabecular number only in the latter one. CT-estimated mineralization increased in trabecular and remained constant in cortical bone. Ultimate load and energy were increased and ultimate displacement and stiffness unaltered compared to SHAM rats. For those trabeculae analyzed, bone was formed initially on places where it was most beneficial for increasing their strength and later on to all surfaces.

PMID:
19262974
PMCID:
PMC2765647
DOI:
10.1007/s00198-009-0882-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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