Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Adh Migr. 2007 Oct-Dec;1(4):196-8. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Phosphorylation of merlin regulates its stability and tumor suppressive activity.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. kye@emory.edu

Abstract

The neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2) tumor suppressor protein, merlin or schwannomin, inhibits cell proliferation by modulating the growth activities of its binding partners, including the cell surface glycoprotein CD44, membrane-cytoskeleton linker protein ezrin and PIKE (PI 3-kinase enhancer) GTPase, etc. Merlin exerts its growth suppressive activity through a folded conformation that is tightly controlled through phosphorylation by numerous protein kinases including PAK, PKA and Akt. Merlin inhibits PI 3-kinase activity through binding to PIKE-L. Now, we show that merlin is a physiological substrate of Akt, which phosphorylates merlin on both T230 and S315 residues. This phosphorylation abolishes the folded conformation of merlin and inhibits its association with PIKE-L, provoking merlin polyubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation. This finding demonstrates a negative feed-back loop from merlin/PIKE-L/PI 3-kinase to Akt in tumors- The proliferation repressive activity of merlin is also partially regulated by S518 phosphorylation- Thus, Akt-mediated merlin T230/S315 phosphorylation, combined with S518 phosphorylation by PAK and PKA, provides new insight into abrogating merlin function in the absence of merlin mutational inactivation.

PMID:
19262146
PMCID:
PMC2634106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center