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Int Immunol. 2009 May;21(5):523-32. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxp019. Epub 2009 Mar 4.

Human memory CCR4+CD8+ T cell subset has the ability to produce multiple cytokines.

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1
Division of Viral Immunology, Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, 2-2-1 Honjo, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan.

Abstract

The CC chemokine receptor (CCR)4 is associated with trafficking of specialized cutaneous memory type 2 T(h) cells in the skin. However, a CD8(+) T cell population expressing CCR4 still remains uncharacterized. In the present study, we investigated the expression and function of CCR4 on human CD8(+) T cells and characterized CCR4(+)CD8(+) human T cells. Multi-color flow cytometric analysis revealed that CCR4(+)CD8(+) T cells were predominantly found in the CD27(+)CD28(+)CD45RA(-) memory subset and expressed the CCR7(+/-)CCR5(-) phenotype. CCR4(+)CD8(+) T cells expressed neither perforin (Per) nor granzymes (Gra) A/B, suggesting that they were more immature memory T cells than the CCR6(+)CD8(+) early effector memory T cells that express GraA and Per. CCR4(+)CD8(+) T cells effectively produced IL-4, IFN-gamma, IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, indicating that they are memory T cells having the ability to secrete type 1 and type 2 cytokines. These cells also showed chemotaxic activity in response to CC chemokine receptor ligand (CCL)17/thymus and activation-regulated chemokine and CCL22/macrophage-derived chemokine. These results suggest that CCR4(+)CD8(+) T cells are in an immature memory T cell subset in the differentiation pathway of human CD8(+) T cells and that they migrate to inflammatory sites in the skin where they are involved in cutaneous immunity.

PMID:
19261691
DOI:
10.1093/intimm/dxp019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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