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Surg Clin North Am. 1991 Oct;71(5):1023-39.

Ovarian cancer. Advances in management.

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  • 1Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Hutzel Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.


Substantial progress has been made in understanding the biologic behavior of ovarian cancer and in assessing disease states and response to therapy with transvaginal sonography, CT scan, and tumor markers such as CA-125. There is no longer controversy regarding the importance and feasibility of adequate surgical staging, the need for cytoreduction, and the utility of cisplatin- or carboplatin-based combination chemotherapy in the management of patients with ovarian cancer. Increasing chemotherapy dose through escalated systemic doses or intraperitoneal administration, revising multidrug resistance, the use of biologic response modifiers, and the development of new methods of chemosensitivity testing may help improve the current 5-year survival rate of less than 30% for patients with stage III ovarian cancer. Significant improvement in screening tests and diagnostic capabilities will be necessary for a dramatic increase in survival.

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