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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Apr 24;382(1):69-73. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.02.134. Epub 2009 Mar 1.

Spatially distinct functions of PAX6 and NKX2.2 during gliogenesis in the ventral spinal cord.

Author information

1
The Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics, Airport Avenue, No. 6, Agios Dometios 2370, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Abstract

During ventral spinal cord (vSC) development, the p3 and pMN progenitor domain boundary is thought to be maintained by cross-repressive interactions between NKX2.2 and PAX6. Using loss-of-function analysis during the neuron-glial fate switch we show that the identity of the p3 domain is not maintained by the repressive function of NKX2.2 on Pax6 expression, even in the absence of NKX2.9. We further show that NKX2.2 is necessary to induce the expression of Slit1 and Sulfatase 1 (Sulf1) in the vSC in a PAX6-independent manner. Conversely, we show that PAX6 regulates Sulf1/Slit1 expression in the vSC in an NKX2.2/NKX6.1-independent manner. Consequently, deregulation of Sulf1 expression in Pax6-mutant embryos has stage-specific implications on neural patterning, associated with enhancement of Sonic Hedgehog activity. On the other hand, deregulation of Slit1 expression in gliogenic neural progenitors leads to changes in Astrocyte subtype identity. These data provide important insights into specific functions of PAX6 and NKX2.2 during glial cell specification that have so far remained largely unexplored.

PMID:
19258013
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.02.134
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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