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Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Jan 9;102(1):017006. Epub 2009 Jan 9.

Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy.

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National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 3050047, Japan.


Recently, it has been shown that large stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 emit synchronous THz radiation, the synchronization presumably triggered by a cavity resonance. To investigate this effect we use low temperature scanning laser microscopy to image electric field distributions. We verify the appearance of cavity modes at low bias and in the high input-power regime we find that standing-wave patterns are created through interactions with a hot spot, possibly pointing to a new mode of generating synchronized radiation in intrinsic Josephson junction stacks.

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