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Clin Exp Nephrol. 2009 Aug;13(4):300-306. doi: 10.1007/s10157-009-0157-7. Epub 2009 Mar 3.

Effects of high sodium intake and diuretics on the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients treated with an angiotensin II receptor blocker.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan. takuzu@belle.shiga-med.ac.jp.
2
Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan.
3
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Kanazawa, Japan.
4
Department of Medicine, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Clin Exp Nephrol. 2009 Aug;13(4):307.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in the diabetic condition was reported to enhance the sodium sensitivity of blood pressure. In patients with sodium-sensitive hypertension, high sodium intake reduces the nocturnal fall in blood pressure. Therefore, we examined the effects of the amount of sodium intake or diuretics in patients with diabetes treated with an angiotensin receptor blocker.

METHODS:

We recruited 32 Japanese type 2 diabetic patients with base line blood pressure > or =130/80 mmHg and treated with valsartan (80 mg daily). At baseline, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure and 24-h urinary excretion of sodium were measured. The patients were then randomly assigned to take either combination therapy with 50 mg of losartan plus 12.5 mg of hydrochlorothiazide or monotherapy with 160 mg of valsartan for 24 weeks.

RESULTS:

At baseline, 22 of 32 (69%) patients were classified as non-dippers, and the night/day ratio of mean arterial pressure was significantly correlated with 24-h urinary sodium excretion. The combination therapy resulted in a significantly higher fall than the monotherapy in 24-h mean, daytime, night-time and morning blood pressures. The night/day ratio of mean arterial pressure was significantly reduced from the baseline at the end of the study in the combination therapy group, but not in the monotherapy group. In non-dipper patients, the diminished nocturnal fall in blood pressure was restored by the combination therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Excessive intake of salt causes non-dipping and diuretics restored nocturnal BP fall in type 2 diabetic patients treated with angiotensin 2 receptor blockers.

PMID:
19255824
DOI:
10.1007/s10157-009-0157-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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