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J Clin Oncol. 2009 Apr 1;27(10):1653-9. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.19.2245. Epub 2009 Mar 2.

Yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan doses calculated to deliver up to 15 Gy to critical organs may be safely combined with high-dose BEAM and autologous transplantation in relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Author information

1
Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. j-winter@northwestern.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the maximum-tolerated radiation-absorbed dose (RAD) to critical organs delivered by yttrium-90 ((90)Y) ibritumomab tiuxetan in combination with high-dose carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BEAM) chemotherapy with autologous transplantation.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Eligible patients had relapsed or refractory CD20+ non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Individualized (90)Y activities were based on dosimetry and were calculated to deliver cohort-defined RAD (1 to 17 Gy) to critical organs with three to six patients per cohort. The therapeutic dose of (90)Y ibritumomab tiuxetan was followed by high-dose BEAM and autologous transplantation.

RESULTS:

Forty-four patients were treated. Thirty percent of patients had achieved less than a partial remission to their most recent therapy and would not have been eligible for autologous transplantation at most centers. The toxicity profile was similar to that associated with high-dose BEAM chemotherapy. Two dose-limiting toxicities occurred at the 17 Gy dose level, which made 15 Gy the recommended maximum-tolerated RAD. Although eight patients received at least twice the conventional dose of 0.4 mCi/kg, a weight-based strategy at 0.8 mCi/kg would have resulted in a wide range of RAD; nearly 25% of patient cases would have received 17 Gy or more, and many would have received less than 10 Gy. With a median follow-up of 33 months for all patients, the estimated 3-year progression-free and overall survivals were 43% and 60%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Dose-escalated (90)Y ibritumomab tiuxetan may be safely combined with high-dose BEAM with autologous transplantation and has the potential to be more effective than standard-dose radioimmunotherapy. Careful dosimetry is required to avoid toxicity and undertreatment.

PMID:
19255322
PMCID:
PMC2668971
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2008.19.2245
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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