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J Am Coll Health. 2009 Mar-Apr;57(5):489-95. doi: 10.3200/JACH.57.5.489-496.

Female collegiate athletes: prevalence of eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors.

Author information

1
Kinesiology, Health Promotion, and Recreational Studies Department, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA. cgreenleaf@coe.unt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors assessed the prevalence of pathogenic eating and weight-control behaviors among female college athletes, using a psychometrically valid measure.

PARTICIPANTS:

Participants were 204 college athletes (M age=20.16 years, SD=1.31 years) from 17 sports at 3 universities. On average, they participated in their sport for 10.88 years (SD=16.68 years) and on their college team for 2.10 years (SD=1.03 years).

METHODS:

Participants completed a demographic and weight background questionnaire, Questionnaire for Eating Disorder Diagnoses, and the Bulimia Test-Revised.

RESULTS:

The authors classified participants as eating disordered (n=4, 2.0%), symptomatic (n=52, 25.5%), and asymptomatic (n=148, 72.5%). Few participants engaged in binge eating; most used exercise, as opposed to vomiting, dieting, laxatives, or diuretics, to control their weight.

CONCLUSIONS:

Female athletes suffer from eating disorders, and most experience symptom levels that are subclinical but problematic.

PMID:
19254889
DOI:
10.3200/JACH.57.5.489-496
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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