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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Mar 17;106(11):4148-53. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0900563106. Epub 2009 Feb 27.

Identifying compartment-specific non-HLA targets after renal transplantation by integrating transcriptome and "antibodyome" measures.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Division, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94304, USA.

Abstract

We have conducted an integrative genomics analysis of serological responses to non-HLA targets after renal transplantation, with the aim of identifying the tissue specificity and types of immunogenic non-HLA antigenic targets after transplantation. Posttransplant antibody responses were measured by paired comparative analysis of pretransplant and posttransplant serum samples from 18 pediatric renal transplant recipients, measured against 5,056 unique protein targets on the ProtoArray platform. The specificity of antibody responses were measured against gene expression levels specific to the kidney, and 2 other randomly selected organs (heart and pancreas), by integrated genomics, employing the mapping of transcription and ProtoArray platform measures, using AILUN. The likelihood of posttransplant non-HLA targets being recognized preferentially in any of 7 microdissected kidney compartments was also examined. In addition to HLA targets, non-HLA immune responses, including anti-MICA antibodies, were detected against kidney compartment-specific antigens, with highest posttransplant recognition for renal pelvis and cortex specific antigens. The compartment specificity of selected antibodies was confirmed by IHC. In conclusion, this study provides an immunogenic and anatomic roadmap of the most likely non-HLA antigens that can generate serological responses after renal transplantation. Correlation of the most significant non-HLA antibody responses with transplant health and dysfunction are currently underway.

PMID:
19251643
PMCID:
PMC2657434
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0900563106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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