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Mol Cell. 2009 Feb 27;33(4):472-82. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.02.005.

Endothelin-1-stimulated InsP3-induced Ca2+ release is a nexus for hypertrophic signaling in cardiac myocytes.

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Laboratory of Molecular Signalling, Babraham Institute, Cambridge, UK.


Ca(2+) elevations are fundamental to cardiac physiology-stimulating contraction and regulating the gene transcription that underlies hypertrophy. How Ca(2+) specifically controls gene transcription on the background of the rhythmic Ca(2+) increases required for contraction is not fully understood. Here we identify a hypertrophy-signaling module in cardiac myocytes that explains how Ca(2+) discretely regulates myocyte hypertrophy and contraction. We show that endothelin-1 (ET-1) stimulates InsP(3)-induced Ca(2+) release (IICR) from perinuclear InsP(3)Rs, causing an elevation in nuclear Ca(2+). Significantly, we show that IICR, but not global Ca(2+) elevations associated with myocyte contraction, couple to the calcineurin (CnA)/NFAT pathway to induce hypertrophy. Moreover, we found that activation of the CnA/NFAT pathway and hypertrophy by isoproterenol and BayK8644, which enhance global Ca(2+) fluxes, was also dependent on IICR and nuclear Ca(2+) elevations. The activation of IICR by these activity-enhancing mediators was explained by their ability to stimulate secretion of autocrine/paracrine ET-1.

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