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Mol Cell. 2009 Feb 27;33(4):450-61. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.02.003.

Chromatin binding of SRp20 and ASF/SF2 and dissociation from mitotic chromosomes is modulated by histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation.

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1
Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

Histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation is a hallmark of mitotic chromosomes, but its full function remains to be elucidated. We report here that two SR protein splicing factors, SRp20 and ASF/SF2, associate with interphase chromatin, are released from hyperphosphorylated mitotic chromosomes, but reassociate with chromatin late in M-phase. Inhibition of Aurora B kinase diminished histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation and increased SRp20 and ASF/SF2 retention on mitotic chromosomes. Unexpectedly, we also found that HP1 proteins interact with ASF/SF2 in mitotic cells. Strikingly, siRNA-mediated knockdown of ASF/SF2 caused retention of HP1 proteins on mitotic chromatin. Finally, ASF/SF2-depleted cells released from a mitotic block displayed delayed G0/G1 entry, suggesting a functional consequence of these interactions. These findings underscore the evolving role of histone H3 phosphorylation and demonstrate a direct, functional, and histone-modification-regulated association of SRp20 and ASF/SF2 with chromatin.

PMID:
19250906
PMCID:
PMC2667802
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2009.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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