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Cyberpsychol Behav. 2009 Apr;12(2):209-13. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2008.0228.

Older adolescents' motivations for social network site use: the influence of gender, group identity, and collective self-esteem.

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School of Journalism and Media Studies, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182-4561, USA.


This study assessed motives for social network site (SNS) use, group belonging, collective self-esteem, and gender effects among older adolescents. Communication with peer group members was the most important motivation for SNS use. Participants high in positive collective self-esteem were strongly motivated to communicate with peer group via SNS. Females were more likely to report high positive collective self-esteem, greater overall use, and SNS use to communicate with peers. Females also posted higher means for group-in-self, passing time, and entertainment. Negative collective self-esteem correlated with social compensation, suggesting that those who felt negatively about their social group used SNS as an alternative to communicating with other group members. Males were more likely than females to report negative collective self-esteem and SNS use for social compensation and social identity gratifications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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