Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 2009 Apr 21;48(15):3325-34. doi: 10.1021/bi900115w.

Molecular insights into the metal selectivity of the copper(I)-sensing repressor CsoR from Bacillus subtilis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7102, USA.


Bacillus subtilis CsoR (Bsu CsoR) is a copper-sensing transcriptional repressor that regulates the expression of the copZA operon encoding a copper chaperone and a Cu efflux P-type ATPase, respectively. Bsu CsoR is a homologue of Mycobacterium tuberculosis CsoR (Mtb CsoR), representative of a large Cu(I)-sensing regulatory protein family. We show here that Bsu CsoR binds approximately 1 mol equiv of Cu(I) per monomer in vitro with an affinity >or=10(21) M(-1). X-ray absorption spectroscopy shows Cu(I) adopts a trigonal S(2)N coordination like Mtb CsoR. Both apo and Cu(I)-bound Bsu CsoR are stable tetramers in the low micromolar monomer concentration range by sedimentation velocity and equilibrium ultracentrifugation. Apo-Bsu CsoR binds to a pseudopalindromic 30 bp copZA operator-promoter DNA with a stoichiometry of two tetramers per DNA and stepwise affinities of K(1)(apo) = 3.1(+/-0.8) x 10(7) M(-1) and K(2)(apo) = 8.3 (+/-2.2) x 10(7) M(-1) (0.4 M NaCl, 25 degrees C, pH 6.5). Cu(I) Bsu CsoR binds to the same DNA with greatly reduced affinities, K(1)(Cu) = 2.9(+/-0.4) x 10(6) M(-1) and K(2)(Cu) <or= 1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) consistent with a copper-dependent derepression model. This Cu-dependent regulation is abrogated by a "second shell" Glu90-to-Ala substitution. Bsu CsoR binds Ni(II) with very high affinity but forms a non-native coordination geometry, as does Co(II) and likely Zn(II); none of these metals strongly regulates copZA operator DNA binding in vitro. The implications of these findings on the specificity of metal-sensing sites in CsoR/RcnR proteins are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center