Send to

Choose Destination
Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 Mar;19(3):212-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2009.01.008. Epub 2009 Feb 26.

ETFDH mutations, CoQ10 levels, and respiratory chain activities in patients with riboflavin-responsive multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency.

Author information

Department of Neuromuscular Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi-cho, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502, Japan.


Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is a metabolic disorder due to dysfunction of electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) or ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF-QO). Mutations in ETFDH, encoding ETF-QO have been associated with both riboflavin-responsive and non-responsive MADD as well as a myopathic form of CoQ(10) deficiency, although pathomechanisms responsible for these different phenotypes are not well-defined. We performed mutation analysis in four Taiwanese MADD patients. Three novel ETFDH mutations were identified in four patients and all harbored the p.A84T mutation. Muscle CoQ(10) levels and respiratory chain activities measured in two patients were normal. Three patients improved on riboflavin together with carnitine. Our results show that not all MADD patients have CoQ(10) deficiency. Based upon our data, riboflavin and carnitine may be the first-line treatment for MADD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center