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Midwifery. 2010 Dec;26(6):e31-6. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2009.01.005. Epub 2009 Feb 25.

Effects of a prenatal yoga programme on the discomforts of pregnancy and maternal childbirth self-efficacy in Taiwan.

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1
Department of Nursing, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to evaluate a yoga programme provided to primigravidas in the third trimester of pregnancy with the aim of decreasing the discomforts associated with pregnancy and increasing childbirth self-efficacy.

DESIGN:

non-randomised controlled experimental study.

SETTING:

a hospital in northern Taiwan.

PARTICIPANTS:

the target population was primigravidas at 26-28 weeks of gestation (no high-risk pregnancies) who had not engaged in regular exercise or yoga for at least one year. The study included 88 individuals; 43 in the control group and 45 in the experimental group who took part in the prenatal yoga programme.

INTERVENTION:

the duration of the prenatal yoga programme was 12-14 weeks, with at least three sessions per week. Each workout lasted for 30 minutes.

MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS:

women who took part in the prenatal yoga programme reported significantly fewer pregnancy discomforts than the control group (38.28 vs 43.26, z=-2.58, p=0.01) at 38-40 weeks of gestation. The subjects who participated in the yoga programme exhibited higher outcome and self-efficacy expectancies during the active stage of labour (104.13 vs 83.53, t=3.24, p=0.002; 99.26 vs 77.70, t=3.99, p ≤ 0.001) and the second stage of labour (113.33 vs 88.42, t=3.33, p=0.002; 102.19 vs 79.40, t=3.71, p ≤ 0.001) compared with the control group.

KEY CONCLUSIONS:

the provision of booklets and videos on yoga during pregnancy may contribute to a reduction in pregnancy discomforts and improved childbirth self-efficacy.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

this yoga programme provides health-care professionals with an evidence-based intervention.

PMID:
19246136
DOI:
10.1016/j.midw.2009.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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