Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vet Res. 2009 Jul-Aug;40(4):25. doi: 10.1051/vetres/2009008. Epub 2009 Feb 27.

Individual heterogeneity in erythrocyte susceptibility to Babesia divergens is a critical factor for the outcome of experimental spleen-intact sheep infections.

Author information

1
INRA, UMR 1300 BioEpAR, ENVN, Atlanpôle - La Chantrerie, BP 40706, F-44307 Nantes Cedex 03, France. malandrin@vet-nantes.fr

Abstract

Susceptibility of sheep erythrocytes to Babesia divergens was investigated in vitro and a high inter-individual variability in their ability to support parasite population development was demonstrated, with some individuals having refractory red blood cells (RBC). As neither changes in growth conditions nor the use of different B. divergens strains influenced the level of susceptibility, the main factor postulated for this variability is the erythrocyte itself. Sheep therefore represent an excellent in vitro model to study the parasite-erythrocyte interaction. In addition, the existence of refractory RBC should help in the identification of the erythrocyte components required for B. divergens development. Experimental infections were carried out on spleen-intact sheep characterized by refractory or fully susceptible erythrocyte types. These differences translated into the successful infection of only those animals with susceptible erythrocytes: infected animals showed no clinical signs, but maintained an asymptomatic persistent infection, as usually observed in the natural bovine host. Sheep therefore represent model organisms that can allow us to study interactions between B. divergens and its vertebrate host at different levels of biological organisation, from the target cell to the intact animal, and represent an experimental infection model of concomitant immunity. Only a low percentage (13%) of the sheep population tested possessed susceptible erythrocytes and the potential role of sheep as a natural host or reservoir of B. divergens is discussed.

PMID:
19245784
PMCID:
PMC2695126
DOI:
10.1051/vetres/2009008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for EDP Sciences Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center