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J Nat Prod. 2009 Mar 27;72(3):540-53. doi: 10.1021/np800651m.

Biohalogenation: nature's way to synthesize halogenated metabolites.

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Institute for Pharmaceutical Biology, University of Bonn, Nussallee 6, D-53115 Bonn, Germany.


Halogenated natural products are widely distributed in nature, some of them showing potent biological activities. Incorporation of halogen atoms in drug leads is a common strategy to modify molecules in order to vary their bioactivities and specificities. Chemical halogenation, however, often requires harsh reaction conditions and results in unwanted byproduct formation. It is thus of great interest to investigate the biosynthesis of halogenated natural products and the biotechnological potential of halogenating enzymes. This review aims to give a comprehensive overview on the current knowledge concerning biological halogenations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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