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J Nat Prod. 2009 May 22;72(5):962-5. doi: 10.1021/np8007717.

Polyacetylenes from sardinian Oenanthe fistulosa: a molecular clue to risus sardonicus.

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1
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Alimentari, Farmaceutiche e Farmacologiche, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Viale Ferrucci 33, 28100 Novara, Italy. appendino@pharm.unipmn.it

Abstract

An investigation of Oenanthe fistulosa from Sardinia afforded oenanthotoxin (1a) and dihydrooenanthotoxin (1b) from the roots and the diacetylenic epoxydiol 2 from the seeds. The absolute configuration of 1a and 1b was established as R by the modified Mosher's method, and the structure of 2 by chemical correlation with (+)-(3R,8S)-falcarindiol. Oenanthotoxin (1a) and dihydrooenanthotoxin (1b) were found to potently block GABAergic responses, providing a molecular rationale for the symptoms of poisoning from water-dropwort (Oenanthe crocata) and related plants. These observations bear relevance for a series of historical and ethnopharmacological observations on the identification of the Sardonic herb and the molecular details of the facial muscular contraction caused by its ingestion (risus sardonicus).

PMID:
19245244
PMCID:
PMC2685611
DOI:
10.1021/np8007717
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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