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J Refract Surg. 2009 Jan;25(1):21-4.

Induced astigmatism with 2.2- and 3.0-mm coaxial phacoemulsification incisions.

Author information

1
Jules Stein Eye Institute/UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif., USA. avcweb@aol.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the difference between 2.2-mm incision micro-coaxial phacoemulsification and traditional 3.0-mm coaxial phacoemulsification with respect to surgically induced astigmatism after temporally oriented clear corneal incision cataract surgery.

METHODS:

This prospective, randomized, intra-patient controlled study comprised 22 patients who underwent clear corneal cataract surgery in both eyes. One eye received 2.2-mm incision micro-coaxial phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and the fellow eye received traditional 3.0-mm coaxial incision phacoemulsification with IOL implantation. The 2.2-mm incisions were created with a diamond keratome after a 200-microm groove was constructed in clear cornea at the temporal limbus. The 3.0-mm incisions were created without a pre-cut groove, using a metal keratome. All cases were uncomplicated. Pre- and postoperative keratometric astigmatism at 6 weeks was measured using a hand held Nikon Retinomax K-plus 2 Autorefractor. Three methods were used to analyze the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) data: 1) algebraic analysis of the magnitude of keratometric astigmatism induced by the surgery, 2) magnitude of SIA by vector analysis, and 3) aggregate analysis of astigmatism using vector analysis.

RESULTS:

The mean change in the magnitude of keratometric astigmatism was 0.10+/-0.08 diopters (D) with the 2.2-mm micro-coaxial incisions and 0.32+/-0.20 D with the 3.0-mm traditional incisions (P=.0002). Usingvector analysis, the mean magnitude of SIA was 0.35+/-0.21 D with the 2.2-mm incisions and 0.67+/-0.48 D (P=.006) with the 3.0-mm incisions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgically induced astigmatism with 2.2-mm micro-coaxial incisions and traditional 3.0-mm clear corneal incisions with intra-patient control resulted in statistically and clinically significant reduction in surgically induced astigmatism with the smaller incision size.

PMID:
19244949
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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