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Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 1;69(5):1995-9. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-4845. Epub 2009 Feb 24.

The interleukin-11 receptor alpha as a candidate ligand-directed target in osteosarcoma: consistent data from cell lines, orthotopic models, and human tumor samples.

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  • 1Section of Orthopedic Oncology, Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


The interleukin-11 receptor alpha (IL-11Ralpha) is a functional target in bone metastasis. However, its role in primary bone tumors has not been established. As such, here, we evaluated IL-11Ralpha as a candidate target in primary and metastatic human osteosarcoma. First, in an orthotopic mouse model, we showed that IL-11Ralpha protein is markedly expressed in primary osseus and pulmonary metastatic osteosarcoma but absent from control normal tibia and lung. Moreover, systemic administration of an IL-11Ralpha-targeting phage displaying the cyclic nonapeptide CGRRAGGSC resulted in strong and selective accumulation of IL-11Ralpha-homing phage particles in the osteosarcoma but not in several control organs. Finally, IL-11Ralpha expression in a large panel of human primary and metastatic osteosarcoma samples was remarkably consistent with the observations in the orthotopic mouse model. These data establish IL-11Ralpha as a candidate target in human osteosarcoma and provide leads for the development of novel imaging and therapeutic agents for the management of this malignant tumor.

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