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J Rehabil Med. 2008 Nov;40(10):876-8. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0260.

Cognitive status and ambulatory rehabilitation outcome in geriatric patients.

Author information

1
Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. L.Vogt@sport.uni-frankfurt.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of admission cognitive status on gait and stair climbing rehabilitation outcome in geriatric patients.

DESIGN:

Before-after trial.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 179 geriatric patients (139 women and 40 men; age range 67-97 years) consecutively admitted to a geriatric inpatient rehabilitation regimen (mean length of stay 28.7 (standard deviation 13.9) days).

METHODS:

Assessment of admission cognitive status by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); determination of the ambulatory status before and after rehabilitation by the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA) and standardized judgements about stair climbing ability.

RESULTS:

Approximately two-thirds of the patients demonstrated functional ability improvements in at least 5 points at the individual level during rehabilitation (as measured by the total POMA scale (POMA-T)). However, at rehabilitation discharge cognitively impaired patients still demonstrated a 3.4 times (95% confidence interval=1.4-8.6) higher chance of increased fall risk and only 24% of the cohort was able to negotiate stairs with slight or no limitations.

CONCLUSION:

Although cognitively impaired patients demonstrated an functional overall intervention response comparable with cognitively intact patients the present study evidenced that the geriatric cohort with reduced mental status (MMSE >17) are at greater risk of falling and have a greater need for supervision, both in hospital and at discharge.

PMID:
19242628
DOI:
10.2340/16501977-0260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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