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Nat Rev Cancer. 2009 Apr;9(4):253-64. doi: 10.1038/nrc2594. Epub 2009 Feb 26.

Learning therapeutic lessons from metastasis suppressor proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.

Abstract

Metastasis suppressor proteins regulate multiple steps in the metastatic cascade, including cancer cell invasion, survival in the vascular and lymphatic circulation, and colonization of distant organ sites. Understanding the biology of metastasis suppressors provides valuable mechanistic insights that may translate to therapeutic opportunities. Several reports have explored novel strategies for restoring metastasis suppressor function, including gene transfer, induction of previously suppressed gene expression and exogenous administration of gene product. Pathways activated downstream of metastasis suppressor loss can also be targeted. Although none of these strategies are yet in routine clinical use, several are being tested preclinically and in clinical trials.

PMID:
19242414
PMCID:
PMC2881216
DOI:
10.1038/nrc2594
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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