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Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009 Dec;20(8):763-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2009.00861.x. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Salmeterol/fluticasone propionate vs. double dose fluticasone propionate on lung function and asthma control in children.

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1
Université Paris Descartes; Necker-Enfant Malades Hospital, 75015 Paris, France. j.deblic@nck.aphp.fr

Abstract

There is a large body of data to support the use of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) plus a long-acting beta(2)-agonist vs. increasing the dose of ICS in adults, but less data in children. This double-blind, parallel group, non-inferiority study compared lung function and asthma control, based on Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines, in children receiving either salmeterol/fluticasone propionate (SFC) 50/100 microg bd (n = 160) or fluticasone propionate (FP) 200 microg bd (n = 161) for 12 wks. Change from baseline in mean morning peak expiratory flow increased following both treatments, but was significantly greater in the SFC group compared with FP [Adjusted mean change (s.e.) (l/min): SFC: 26.9 (2.13), FP: 19.3 (2.12); treatment difference: 7.6 (3.01); 95% CI: 1.7, 13.5; p = 0.012)]. Asthma control improved over time in both groups. Mean pre-bronchodilator maximal-expiratory flow at 50% vital capacity and percentage rescue-free days showed significantly greater improvements in the SFC group compared with FP. All other efficacy indices showed comparable improvements in each group. Treatment with SFC 50/100 microg bd compared with twice the steroid dose of FP (200 microg bd), was at least as effective in improving individual clinical outcomes and overall asthma control, in asthmatic children previously uncontrolled on low doses of ICS.

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