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Cell Tissue Res. 2009 Apr;336(1):59-66. doi: 10.1007/s00441-009-0766-1. Epub 2009 Feb 24.

Effects of human amniotic membrane grafts combined with marrow mesenchymal stem cells on healing of full-thickness skin defects in rabbits.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, 3-1 Dongdaesin-Dong, Seo-Gu, Busan, 602-715, South Korea.

Abstract

We have investigated the wound-healing effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with human amniotic membrane (HAM) when grafted into full-thickness skin defects of rabbits. Five defects in each of four groups were respectively treated with HAM loaded with autologous MSCs (group A), HAM loaded with allologous MSCs (group B), HAM with injected autologous MSCs (group C), and HAM with injected allologous MSCs (group D). The size of the wounds was calculated for each group at 7, 12, and 15 days after grafting. The wounds were subsequently harvested at 25 days after grafting. Sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin were used to determine the quality of wound healing, as based on the characteristics and amount of granulated tissue in the epidermal and dermal layers. Groups A and B showed the most pronounced effect on wound closure, with statistically significant improvement in wound healing being seen on post-operative days 7, 12, and 15. Although a slight trend toward improved wound healing was seen in group A compared with group B, no statistically significant difference was found at any time point between the two groups. Histological examination of healed wounds from groups A and B showed a thin epidermis with mature differentiation and collagen bundle deposition plus recovered skin appendages in the dermal layer. In contrast, groups C and D showed thickened epidermis with immature epithelial cells and increased fibroblast proliferation with only partially recovered skin appendages in the dermal layer. Thus, the graft of HAM loaded with MSCs played an effective role during the healing of skin defects in rabbits, with no significant difference being observed in wound healing between autologous and allologous MSC transplantation.

PMID:
19238445
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-009-0766-1
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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