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J Adolesc. 2009 Oct;32(5):1189-207. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.01.010. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

Perceived parenting styles, personality traits and sleep patterns in adolescents.

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Psychiatric University Clinics Basel, Depression Research Unit, Wilhelm Klein-Strasse 27, 4025 Basel, Switzerland.


The present study examined the role of parenting styles with respect to adolescents' sleep patterns and symptoms of depression and anxiety. A total of 246 adolescents (age: 17.58+/-1.62) took part in the study. They completed several questionnaires with regard to parenting styles and to symptoms of anxiety and depression; additionally, they filled in a questionnaire assessing sleep-related personality traits and completed a sleep log for 7 consecutive days. Results showed a high overlap between parenting styles of both parents, though with a different relation to adolescents' sleep. Adverse parenting styles were highly correlated with low sleep quality, negative mood, increased daytime sleepiness, and with increased symptoms of anxiety and depression. Adolescents with low positive and high negative parenting styles displayed the most unfavorable sleep-related personality traits. Results suggest that parenting styles are related to young people's sleep pattern even at the beginning of late adolescence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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