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Oncogene. 2009 Apr 9;28(14):1653-68. doi: 10.1038/onc.2009.4. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

The SWI/SNF complex and cancer.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan College of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0686, USA.


The mammalian SWI/SNF complexes mediate ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling processes that are critical for differentiation and proliferation. Not surprisingly, loss of SWI/SNF function has been associated with malignant transformation, and a substantial body of evidence indicates that several components of the SWI/SNF complexes function as tumor suppressors. This review summarizes the evidence that underlies this conclusion, with particular emphasis upon the two catalytic subunits of the SWI/SNF complexes, BRM, the mammalian ortholog of SWI2/SNF2 in yeast and brahma in Drosophila, and Brahma-related gene-1 (BRG1).

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