Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2009 Mar 1;182(5):3008-15. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0800680.

Disseminated and rapidly fatal tuberculosis in mice bearing a defective allele at IFN regulatory factor 8.

Author information

Centre for the Study of Host Resistance, Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


The interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family member IRF-8 participates in IFN-gamma-dependent transcriptional activation of genes containing in their promoter regions IFN-stimulated response element or IFN-gamma activation site elements. To test the role of IRF-8 in host defenses against tuberculosis, BXH-2 mice, which bear a defective IRF-8(R294C) allele, were challenged with low doses of virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis via the i.v. and aerosol routes. BXH-2 mice were found to be extremely susceptible to M. tuberculosis, as demonstrated by rapid and uncontrolled microbial replication in spleen, liver, and lungs leading to very early death. The BXH-2 defect was expressed very early (10 days postinfection) as uncontrolled intracellular pathogen replication in NOS2-expressing lung macrophages, impaired granuloma formation, rapid dissemination of the infection to distant sites, and rapid necrosis of infected tissues. There was complete absence of IL-12p40 induction, severely reduced IFN-gamma production, and impaired T cell priming in the lungs of infected BXH-2, highlighting the critical role of IRF-8 in this process. Collectively, these results identify IRF-8 as a critical regulator of host defenses against tuberculosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center