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Acta Biomater. 2009 Jun;5(5):1791-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2009.01.013. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Incorporation of Si and SiO(x) into diamond-like carbon films: impact on surface properties and osteoblast adhesion.

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CSIRO, Materials Science and Engineering, P.O. Box 218, Lindfield, NSW 2070, Australia.


The interaction of human osteoblast cells with diamond-like carbon films incorporating silicon and silicon oxide (SiO(x), 1 < or = x < or = 1.5) and synthesized using the direct-current plasma-activated chemical vapour deposition method was investigated. Cell culture studies were performed for films with Si contents ranging from approximately 4 at.% to 15 at.%. Substantial differences between Si-incorporated and SiO(x)-incorporated films were found for the bonding environments of Si atoms and the hybridization of underlying carbon structures. However, osteoblast-attachment studies did not show statistically significant trends in properties of cell growth (count, area and morphology) that can be attributed either to the Si content of the films or to the chemical structure of the films. The surface energy decreased by 40% as the Si content of the SiO(x) incorporated DLC films increased to 13 at.%. The cell adhesion properties however did not change in response to lowering of the surface energy. The incorporation of both Si and SiO(x) leads to a beneficial reduction in the residual stress of the films. The average roughness of the films increases and the hardness decreases when Si and SiO(x) are added to DLC films. The impact of these changes for load-bearing biomedical applications can be determined only by carefully controlled experiments using anatomic simulators.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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