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Methods. 2009 Jul;48(3):218-25. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2009.02.004. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Genome-wide mapping of nucleosome positions in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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Adolf-Butenandt-Institut, University of Munich, Schillerstr. 44, 80336 Munich, Germany.


The majority of nuclear eukaryotic DNA is packaged into nucleosome cores where DNA is wrapped tightly around histone protein octamers. Such histone bound nucleosomal DNA is less accessible than the short linker DNA between nucleosome cores or the DNA in extended nucleosome free regions. Therefore, the positions of nucleosomes relative to a DNA sequence feature, like a transactivator binding site, a transcriptional start site or an origin of replication, can have profound effects on nuclear processes like transcription, replication, recombination and repair. Now that many DNA related processes are studied in a genome-wide manner, it is increasingly important to map the basic organization of their chromosomal DNA substrate, i.e., the positions of nucleosomes, on a genome-wide scale as well. To this end, the protection of nucleosomal DNA from digestion with micrococcal nuclease (MNase) is used as an assay for the presence of a nucleosome. The MNase protected DNA fragments, so called mononucleosomal DNA, can be mapped genome-wide by hybridization to microarrays. This method has been established for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and we present here the adaptation of the method for Schizosaccharomyces pombe. As an independent method to validate genome-wide data for individual loci, we also include a protocol for the determination of locus specific nucleosome positioning by indirect end labeling.

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