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Virology. 2009 Apr 10;386(2):353-9. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2009.01.025. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Bovine papillomavirus type 1 E2 protein heterodimer is functional in papillomavirus DNA replication in vivo.

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1
Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, 50411 Tartu, Estonia. reet.kurg@ut.ee

Abstract

Papillomaviruses are small DNA viruses that induce epithelial lesions in their host. The viral life cycle is regulated by the family of proteins encoded by the E2 open reading frame. In addition to the full-length E2 protein, the BPV-1 genome encodes two truncated E2 proteins, E2C and E8/E2, which maintain the DNA-binding-dimerization domains, but lack the activation domain. Heterodimers formed between the full-length E2 and truncated E2 proteins serve as activators of E2-dependent transcription and papillomavirus DNA replication. We show that the single activation domain of E2 is sufficient for interaction with viral helicase E1 and for initiation of DNA replication from different papillomavirus origins. Single-chain E2 heterodimer is able to activate papillomavirus DNA replication in the context of entire BPV genome in the absence of other E2 proteins. These data suggest that E2 heterodimers with single activation domain are functional in initiation of papillomavirus replication in vivo.

PMID:
19232665
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2009.01.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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