Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2009 Feb;19(1):13-21. doi: 10.1089/cap.2008.029.

Assessment of personality dimensions in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder using the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory.

Author information

1
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil. olverar@UTHSCSA.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We compared temperament and character traits in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BP) and healthy control (HC) subjects.

METHOD:

Sixty nine subjects (38 BP and 31 HC), 8-17 years old, were assessed with the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime. Temperament and character traits were measured with parent and child versions of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory.

RESULTS:

BP subjects scored higher on novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and fantasy subscales, and lower on reward dependence, persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness compared to HC (all p < 0.007), by child and parent reports. These findings were consistent in both children and adolescents. Higher parent-rated novelty seeking, lower self-directedness, and lower cooperativeness were associated with co-morbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Lower parent-rated reward dependence was associated with co-morbid conduct disorder, and higher child-rated persistence was associated with co-morbid anxiety.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings support previous reports of differences in temperament in BP children and adolescents and may assist in a greater understating of BP children and adolescents beyond mood symptomatology.

PMID:
19232019
PMCID:
PMC2762645
DOI:
10.1089/cap.2008.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center