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Med Oncol. 2009;26(2):202-9. doi: 10.1007/s12032-009-9177-0. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Effect of temsirolimus versus interferon-alpha on outcome of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma of different tumor histologies.

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Montefiore Medical Center-North Division/New York Medical College, 600 East 233rd Street, Bronx, NY, 10466, USA.


Purpose Exploratory subgroup analyses from the phase 3 global advanced renal cell carcinoma (ARCC) trial were conducted to assess the influence of tumor histology on outcome of patients treated with temsirolimus (Torisel) or interferon-alpha (IFN). Patients and methods Patients with ARCC including clear cell and other types such as papillary and chromophobe histologies received either IFN (3 million units [MU] subcutaneously three times weekly, escalating to 18 MU) or temsirolimus (25 mg intravenously weekly). Results Approximately 80% of patients had clear cell and 20% of patients had other histologies, the majority of which were papillary. Patients with clear cell and other RCC histologies, treated with temsirolimus, demonstrated comparable median overall and progression-free survival. In contrast, patients with other RCC histologies, treated with IFN, demonstrated shorter median overall and progression-free survival than patients with clear cell RCC. Hazard ratios for death for treatment with temsirolimus versus IFN were less than 1 for patients regardless of tumor histology. For patients treated with temsirolimus, 59% with clear cell and 68% with other RCC histologies experienced tumor reductions. For patients treated with IFN, 35% with clear cell and 14% with other RCC histologies had tumor reductions. However, temsirolimus did not appear to improve the objective response rate compared to IFN. Temsirolimus resulted in a superior clinical benefit rate compared with IFN, regardless of tumor histology. Conclusion Temsirolimus appears to be efficacious in patients with clear cell and non-clear cell histologies and can, therefore, be used for the treatment of all types of RCC.

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