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Hautarzt. 2009 Mar;60(3):233-43; quiz 244. doi: 10.1007/s00105-009-1723-3.

[Fillers. An overview].

[Article in German]

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Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München.


The demand for minimally invasive cosmetic procedures is increasing rapidly every year. In addition to botulinum toxin and laser treatments, the injection of dermal fillers is one of the most relevant methods. Dermal fillers can be used for a multitude of indications: wrinkles (fine to deep), lip augmentation, facial deformities, sunken scars, and HIV-related lipoatrophy in hands, neck and décolleté. There are currently 160 dermal fillers on the market. They differ greatly in terms of origin (own or cadaveric-derived, animal, bacterial fermentation or synthesis), duration of the effect and breakdown properties (temporary, semi-permanent, permanent), injection depth (dermal, subcutaneous, supraperiosteal), and risk profile. Physicians who administer dermal fillers should have a thorough knowledge of their characteristics and of the anatomy of the area to be treated. This is essential for correct administration and optimal aesthetic results. Prior to any treatment, details of the procedure, the desired effects, durability, and potential risks of the filler to be injected should be discussed with the patient. The choice of dermal filler, the injection technique, and the volume to be administered are determined according to the anatomic site, the type of defect, the desired effect, and physician experience.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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