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J Microbiol. 2009 Feb;47(1):28-32. doi: 10.1007/s12275-009-0198-3. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Incidence of Wolbachia and Cardinium endosymbionts in the Osmia community in Korea.

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Laboratory of Environmental Entomology, Department of Agricultural Biology, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-853, Republic of Korea.


Sex ratio distorting endosymbionts induce reproductive anomalies in their arthropod hosts. They have recently been paid much attention as firstly texts of evolution of host-symbiont relationships and secondly potential biological control agents to control arthropod pests. Among such organisms, Wolbachia and Cardinium bacteria are well characterized. This study aims at probing such bacteria in the Osmia community to evaluate their potential utilization to control arthropod pests. Among 17 PCR tested species, Osmia cornifrons and a parasitic fly are infected with Wolbachia and a mite species is infected with Cardinium. Phylogenetic tree analyses suggest that horizontal transfer of the bacteria occurred between phylogenetically distant hosts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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