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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009 Mar;80(3):345-6. doi: 10.1136/jnnp.2008.149922.

Prion mutation D178N with highly variable disease onset and phenotype.

Author information

1
Department of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Abstract

Hereditary prion disease is a fatal genetic disorder of autosomal dominant inheritance. Recent phenotype-genotype correlation studies revealed a considerable clinical and pathological overlap for patients with the D178N mutation, suggesting a continuous spectrum between fatal familial insomnia and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease phenotype. This report adds further evidence to this thesis from a large German prion pedigree with D178N mutation in the PRNP-gene. This pedigree shows an extensive variability in (1) age of disease onset, ranging from 19 to 72 years and including an asymptomatic 73-year-old gene carrier and (2) disease phenotype, including a Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker phenotype. These findings have substantial importance for genetic counselling of persons at risk.

PMID:
19228673
DOI:
10.1136/jnnp.2008.149922
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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