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Langmuir. 2009 Apr 9;25(6):3867-75. doi: 10.1021/la803330c.

Electrically addressable vesicles: tools for dielectrophoresis metrology.

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1
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.

Abstract

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) has emerged as an important tool for the manipulation of bioparticles ranging from the submicron to the tens of microns in size. Here we show the use of phospholipid vesicle electroformation techniques to develop a new class of test particles with specifically engineered electrical propserties to enable identifiable dielectrophoretic responses in microfabricated systems. These electrically addressable vesicles (EAVs) enable the creation of electrically distinct populations of test particles for DEP. EAVs offer control of both their inner aqueous core and outer membrane properties; by encapsulating solutions of different electrolyte strength inside the vesicle and by incorporating functionalized phospholipids containing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) brushes attached to their hydrophilic headgroup in the vesicle membrane, we demonstrate control of the vesicles' electrical polarizabilities. This combined with the ability to encode information about the properties of the vesicle in its fluorescence signature forms the first steps toward the development of EAV populations as metrology tools for any DEP-based microsystem.

PMID:
19227986
PMCID:
PMC2654608
DOI:
10.1021/la803330c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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