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Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2009 Feb;36(2):255-8.

Response to neoadjuvant therapy and disease free survival in patients with triple-negative breast cancer.

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1
Breast Disease Center, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Triple negative breast cancer(TNBC)is characterized by estrogen receptor (ER) negative, progesterone receptor (PgR)negative and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) negative. It is a high risk breast cancer that lacks the benefit of specific therapy targeting these proteins. In this study, we compared the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and disease free survival between patients with TNBC and non-TNBC.

METHODS:

151 patients were included in this study, who received neoadjuvant taxane and anthracycline-based chemotherapy at Peking University People's Hospital from 2002 to 2007. TNBC is defined by the lack of ER, PgR, and HER-2 expression by immunohistochemistry. Clinical and pathologic parameters, pathologic complete response(pCR)rates and survival measurements were compared between patients with TNBC and non-TNBC.

RESULTS:

21 of 151 patients (14%) had TNBC. Patients with TNBC compared with non-TNBC had significantly higher pCR rates(38% v 12%; p=0.002), but decreased disease-free survival rates(p=0.004). If pCR was achieved, patients with TNBC and non-TNBC had similar survival (p=0.497).

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with TNBC have increased pCR rates compared with non-TNBC, and those with pCR achieved excellent disease free survival. However, patients who did not get pCR have significantly worse survival if they have TNBC compared with non-TNBC.

PMID:
19223741
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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