Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr Psychol. 2009 Oct;34(9):929-39. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp007. Epub 2009 Feb 16.

Exercise effects on depressive symptoms and self-worth in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Georgia Prevention Institute, 1499 Walton Way, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the dose-response effects of an exercise program on depressive symptoms and self-worth in children.

METHOD:

Overweight, sedentary children (N = 207, 7-11 years, 58% male, 59% Black) were randomly assigned to low or high dose (20 or 40 min/day) aerobic exercise programs (13 +/- 1.6 weeks), or control group. Children completed the Reynolds Child Depression Scale and Self-Perception Profile for Children at baseline and posttest.

RESULTS:

A dose-response benefit of exercise was detected for depressive symptoms. A race x group interaction showed only White children's global self-worth (GSW) improved. There was some evidence that increased self-worth mediated the effect on depressive symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows dose-response benefits of exercise on depressive symptoms and self-worth in children. However, Blacks did not show increased GSW in response to the intervention. Results provide some support for mediation of the effect of exercise on depressive symptoms via self-worth.

PMID:
19223278
PMCID:
PMC2744328
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsp007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center